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Configuring Apache2 as a proxy for Mattermost Server

This unofficial guide is maintained by the Mattermost community and this deployment configuration is not yet officially supported by Mattermost, Inc. Community testing, feedback and improvements are welcome and greatly appreciated.

On a Debian-based operating system such as Ubuntu, Apache2 proxy configuration is done in the /etc/apache2/sites-available directory. Red Hat-based systems organize Apache configuration files differently. If you’re setting up Mattermost on a subdomain, you’ll want to create a new configuration file along the lines of mysubdomain.mydomain.com.conf.

To configure Apache2 as a proxy

  1. SSH into your server.

  2. Make sure the Apache modules mod_rewrite , mod_proxy, mod_proxy_http, and mod_proxy_wstunnel are installed and enabled. If not, follow the instructions from your Linux distribution to do so.

  3. Create the above mentioned configuration file. It is often helpful to start with a copy of 000-default.conf or default-ssl.conf (on Ubuntu).

  4. Edit your configuration using the guide below:

    1. If you’re not setting up a subdomain, your ServerName will simply be set to mydomain.com.
    2. ServerAlias can been added too if you want to capture www.mydomain.com.
    3. Remember to change the values to match your server’s name, etc.
    4. If you have enabled TLS in the Mattermost settings, you must use the protocol wss:// instead of ws:// in the RewriteRule.
    5. To serve requests on a different port (such as 8443), in addition to setting the port in the VirtualHost element, add Listen 8443 on a separate line before the VirtualHost line.
		<VirtualHost *:80>
		  # If you're not using a subdomain you may need to set a ServerAlias to:
		  # ServerAlias www.mydomain.com
		  ServerName mysubdomain.mydomain.com
		  ServerAdmin hostmaster@mydomain.com
		  ProxyPreserveHost On

		  # Set web sockets
		  RewriteEngine On
		  RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} /api/v[0-9]+/(users/)?websocket [NC,OR]
		  RewriteCond %{HTTP:UPGRADE} ^WebSocket$ [NC,OR]
		  RewriteCond %{HTTP:CONNECTION} ^Upgrade$ [NC]
		  RewriteRule .* ws://{REQUEST_URI} [P,QSA,L]

		  <Location />
			Require all granted
			ProxyPassReverseCookieDomain mysubdomain.mydomain.com

  1. (Debian/Ubuntu only) Because you’ll likely have not set up the subdomain before now on Apache2, run a2ensite mysubdomain.mydomain.com to enable the site (do not run a2ensite mysubdomain.mydomain.com.conf).

  2. Restart Apache2.

    • On Ubuntu 14.04 and RHEL 6: sudo service apache2 restart
    • On Ubuntu 16.04+ and RHEL 7+: sudo systemctl restart apache2

You should be all set! Ensure that your Mattermost config file is pointing to the correct URL (which may include a port), and then ensure that your socket connection is not dropping once deployed. To prevent external access to Mattermost on port 8065, in the config file, set ListenAddress to localhost:8065 instead of :8065.